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Prospect Hill Infant And Nursery School

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Phonics Screening Test


The National Phonics Screening Test which will take place in Key Stage 1 during the week beginning 6th June. This letter aims to explain this process, in addition to providing you with ideas to help your child with phonics at home.


Who takes the test?

All children in Year 1. In addition, any child in Year 2 who did not reach the required level when they took the test in Year 1 will take the test again in Year 2. If for any reason, we feel that there is a valid reason why your child should not take the test in Year 1, the class teacher will discuss this with you. Please note, this is only done in exceptional circumstances and your child would still be eligible to take the retake when they are in Year 2.


 What is phonics?

Phonics is a way of teaching children to read. They are taught how to:

  • Recognise the sounds that each individual letter makes
  • Identify the sounds that different combinations of letters make g. sh and oo
  • Blend these sounds together from left to right to make a

 Children can then use this knowledge to segment and blend new words that they hear or see.


Why phonics?

Research shows that when phonics is taught in a structured way – starting with the easiest sounds and progressing through to the most complex – it is the most effective way of teaching young children to read.


What is the phonics screening check?

As you may have already heard, the Government introduced an annual phonics screening check. This    will further inform our continual assessment of the children’s phonic knowledge and the results of the check will be shared with parents/carers in the end of year report.

It comprises of a list of 40 words that children read one-to-one with a teacher. The list is a combination of both real and made up, non-words which rely purely on using phonics to decode. The non-words are words that have been made up and will be shown with a picture of an imaginary creature to help them.

 The phonics screening check will take place on a one to one basis, but the children will largely be unaware  of it being a test and have already participated in some practice ones.

What are nonsense words?

Your child will be told during the test which words are nonsense words (that he/she will not have seen before). Your child will be familiar with this because we already use ‘nonsense-words’ when teaching phonics in school. Nonsense-words are important to include because words such as ‘vap’ or ‘jound’ are new to all children. Children cannot read the non-words by using their memory or vocabulary; they have to use their decoding skills. This is a fair way to assess their ability to decode words.


 After the check

We will tell you about your child’s progress in phonics and how he or she has done in the screening test as part of the end of year report. All children are individuals and develop at different rates. The screening test ensures that teachers understand which children need extra help with phonic decoding.


 Helping your child with phonics

Phonics works best when children are given plenty of encouragement and learn to enjoy reading books. Parents/carers play a very important part in helping with this. Some simple steps to help your child learn to read through phonics:

  • Use the speed sounds charts which your child has been given. Point to a sound and ask your child to say the
  • Choose 4 sounds a week to display at home that your child is unfamiliar with.
  • Practise a mixture of real and nonsense words for your child to practice. An example of a phonics screening check test has been
  • Make up nonsense words and ask your child to read. Then ask your child to make up a nonsense word for you to read.
  • With all books, encourage your child to ‘sound out’ unfamiliar words and then blend the sounds together from left to right rather than looking at the pictures to guess. Once your child has read an unfamiliar word you can talk about what it means and help him or her to follow the
  • Try to make time to read with your child every day. Grandparents and older brothers or sisters can help, too. Encourage your child to blend the sounds all the way through a
  • Word games like ‘I-spy’ can also be an enjoyable way of teaching children about sounds and You can also encourage your child to read words from your shopping list or road signs to practise phonics.

Examples of phonics screening check assessment. Please note these are the answer sheet for the teacher administering the test.

This is not the sheet the children read from.